The Workmen’s Compensation Act, 1923
With increasing use of numerous machinery and equipments in industries, the danger of accidents to the workmen has increased and there are reports of accidents involving both fatal and non-fatal injuries. Therefore payment of compensation under Workmen’s Compensation Act, 1923, is one of the major programmes in the field of Labour Administration. The object of the Act is to impose an obligation upon the employers to pay compensation to the workers for accidents arising out of and in the course of employment, resulting either in death or total/partial disablement. Compensation is also payable for some occupational diseases contracted by workmen during the course of their employment.